Publication Date

December 2004


During the last two decades, there has been a significant growth in the share of faculty members at American colleges and universities that are employed in part-time or full-time non tenure-track positions. Our study is the first to address whether the increased usage of such faculty adversely affects undergraduate students’ graduation rates. Using institutional level panel data from the College Board and other sources, our econometric analyses suggest that the increased usage of these faculty types does adversely affect graduation rates at 4-year colleges, with the largest impact on students being felt at the public master’s level institutions.


Suggested Citation
Ehrenberg, R. G. and Zhang, L. (2004). Do tenured and tenure-track faculty matter? (CHERI Working Paper #53). Retrieved [insert date], from Cornell University, ILR School site:

Required Publisher Statement
Published by the Cornell Higher Education Research Institute, Cornell University.