[Excerpt] Over 2 million American workers are victims of workplace violence every year, with the most common type of workplace violence crime being assault. There are various types of incident faced by different establishments. And even though private companies, over-all, face the least number of violence incidents, it’s a growing trend that needs immediate attention.
Workplace violence is a serious concern for workers’ mental health and well-being in high risk work sectors, and can also affect the organization adversely. Workplace aggression is a stressor at the workplace that relates to a range of physical, psychological and behavioral strains. For instance, incidents of nonfatal assaults at the workplace can result in various types of physical injuries, ranging from bruising to concussions. Psychological consequences include anger, fear, anxiety, stress, frustration, and symptoms of post-traumatic-stress-disorder. Moreover, reduced work functioning, as a behavioral consequence related to workplace violence, is viewed as employees’ productivity and performance at work given a certain state of health. It can be quantified by self-reported loss of productivity and experiences of limitations at work.