Publication Date



[Excerpt] Retraining and upgrading the skills of incumbent workers and providing training to new labor force entrants, dislocated workers, and unemployed persons can help increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the workforce. Funding for occupational training comes from many sources — the federal government, state and local governments, private employers, philanthropic foundations, and individual workers themselves. This report examines occupational training to present a preliminary picture of the total spending on job training in the United States.


Suggested Citation

Mikelson, K. S. & Smith Nightingale, D. (2004). Estimating public and private expenditures on occupational training in the United States [Electronic version]. Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor.