[Excerpt] This publication is USDOL’s seventh annual report prepared in accordance with Section 412(c) of the Trade and Development Act of 2000 (TDA). The TDA expands country eligibility criteria for preferential tariff treatment under the Generalized System of Preferences program (GSP) enacted by the Trade Act of 1974 to include the implementation of commitments to eliminate the worstforms of child labor. The TDA also applies this criterion to eligibility for trade benefi ts under the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the U.S.-Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA), and the Andean Trade Preference Act/Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPA/ATPDEA). Section 412(c) of the TDA contains a mandate for the Secretary of Labor to report on each “beneficiary country’s implementation of its international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.”
The TDA definition of the “worst forms of child labor” uses the definition of the term that is contained in ILO Convention 182. The TDA and Convention 182 consider a “child” to be a person under the age of 18. The definition includes as “worst forms of child labor” all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, the sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage or serfdom; the forcible recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; the commercial sexual exploitation of children; the involvement of children in drug trafficking; and work that is likely to harm children’s health, safety, or morals.
This report contains profiles of 122 independent countries and a summary report on 19 non-independent countries and territories designated as GSP benefi ciaries and/or beneficiaries under the ATPA/ATPDEA, CBTPA, and AGOA. In addition, the report includes information on former GSP recipients that have negotiated free trade agreements with the United States, in view of House Report 110-107.5 Each profi le contains a table on key child labor indicators and three text sections that cover: (1) incidence and nature of child labor; (2) child labor laws and enforcement; and (3) current government policies and programs to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The report closes with an Appendix that contains information on country ratifications of existing international instruments relevant to child labor. Information included covers the period March 2007 through February 2008.