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[Excerpt] This report starts by giving an overview of recent research on diversity and organizational management to demonstrate why organizations value diversity and what the findings on diversity mean in a military context. The next sections outline DOD’s military personnel policies, processes and organizational structure for managing diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity. Following that, the report examines how the concept of diversity and inclusion has evolved over the history of the Armed Forces and provides a snapshot of the current demographic composition of the military relative to the U.S. civilian population. Finally, the report addresses some of the current legislative and policy issues related to diversity in the Armed Forces.


Suggested Citation
Kamarck, K. N. (2017). Diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity in the armed services: Background and issues for Congress (CRS Report R44321). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service.

A previous version of this report can be found here: