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[Excerpt] More than 3.8 million members of the U.S. military have left active-duty service since September 2001, a period that some federal agencies call the Gulf War II era (as opposed to the Gulf War I era, which spanned the period from August 1990 to August 2001). More than 2 million of those Gulf War II veterans were deployed in support of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. For decades, large federal programs have helped service members make the transition to civilian life and employment by offering unemployment insurance benefits, education assistance, and disability compensation. However, the 2007–2009 recession prompted policymakers to focus greater attention on how well veterans have fared in the civilian labor market during and after that downturn.


Suggested Citation
Congressional Budget Office. (2017). Labor force experiences of recent veterans. Washington, D.C.: Author.