Publication Date



ICF International conducted this study of child labor and forced child labor in informal garment production in Bangladesh, using a mixed research methods approach based on the Supply Chain Methodology (SCM). The SCM is based on the economic concept of the supply chain, which involves a network of retailers, distributors, transporters, storage facilities, and suppliers. For the purpose of the study, the informal garment industry is defined as unregistered unit production, which includes permanent and temporary workshops as well as households. More specifically, none of the informal production units under study had membership of either the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) or the Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters (BKMEA). All the production units, except the home-based production units, had a trade license, which is mandatory for carrying out business. The study covered the whole Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) area. This study was conducted in collaboration with Research, Training and Management (RTM) International, a leading research and training organization in Bangladesh.


Suggested Citation
ICF International. (2012). Child labor in the informal garment production in Bangladesh. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking.