- The current skills mismatch, shortage, low education, and low skills in the workforce pose major constraints to diversifying the economy and enhancing competitiveness. The country’s education and training system needs to produce an adaptable workforce with professional skills and workplace behaviors.
- Despite a clearly structured education and training system, meeting the demands of industry is a challenge given high general education dropout rates, low technical and vocational education and training graduation rates, curriculum gaps, and not enough industry engagement in technical and vocational education and training.
- Technical and vocational and university graduates are increasingly more prepared for entry-level jobs than those who complete general education, but basic skills and life skills are still lacking. This results in a workforce that is not performing to satisfactory industry standards.
- The government and private sector will need to focus on: (i) skills development by ensuring lifelong learning through flexible pathways that are gender-inclusive; (ii) bottom-up planning, which improves the quality and relevance of teaching and learning; (iii) attracting young people to the technical and vocational stream; (iv) improving industry engagement; and (v) strengthening coordination among stakeholders at the national and training institution levels in the short, medium, and longer term.