Publication Date



This report analyses the involvement of the peak social partners in the European Semester at EU level and national level between 2011–2014, particularly during the preparation of the National Reform Programmes (NRP) and the adoption of the country-specific recommendations (CSRs) dealing with employment and social policy issues. While key aspects of the EU Semester, such as the involvement of the social partners in the coordination of fiscal policies or in the macroeconomic imbalance procedure, are outside the scope of the report, it should be acknowledged that the policies adopted in the context of these processes have had a significant influence on national industrial relations systems, labour market policies and institutions and the framework in which social partners are operating. The report was compiled on the basis of desk research and individual national reports from Eurofound’s network of European correspondents covering all EU Member States, in most cases involving direct consultation with social partner organisations.


Suggested Citation
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. (2016). Role of the social partners in the European Semester. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.