Publication Date



[Excerpt] Occupation is a critical element in the type of working conditions experienced during a person’s working life, with knock-on effects for their health and well-being, income, working time, job security and career prospects. Based on data from the European Working Conditions Survey 2010 and the EU Labour Force Survey 2013, this report explores the working conditions of workers – particularly the medium-to-low skilled and unskilled – in occupations that are found to have low levels of job quality as measured by four key indicators: earnings, prospects, working time and intrinsic job quality. While the term ‘disadvantaged’ is quite new in work-related studies and policies, it reflects the reality of a considerable proportion of jobs in these occupations.

Supplemented by information from across all 28 EU Member States submitted by Eurofound’s network of European correspondents, the report presents examples of initiatives, policies and measures at national level aimed at improving overall working conditions in these disadvantaged occupations.


Suggested Citation
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. (2015). Improving working conditions in occupations with multiple disadvantages. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.