Publication Date



This study aims to provide an overview of European social partners at the cross-industry level. In common with all the studies in the representativeness study series, it adopts both a bottom-up and a top-down approach. It therefore includes all social partner organisations which are involved in cross-industry industrial relations within each country, including those engaged in collective bargaining, as well as those which take part in consultations on economic and social policies. At the same time, it covers all member organisations of the relevant EU-level social partner organisations which are currently involved in EU cross-industry social dialogue. These include, BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME and CEEP on the employer side and ETUC, EUROCADRES and CEC on the employee side. In terms of countries, the study covers all 28 EU Member States.


Suggested Citation
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. (2013). Representativeness of the social partners in the European cross-industry social dialogue. Dublin: Author.