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{Excerpt} In development agencies, paradigms of linear causality condition much thinking and practice. They encourage command-and-control hierarchies, centralize decision making, and dampen creativity and innovation. Globalization demands that organizations see our turbulent world as a collection of evolving ecosystems. To survive and flourish they must then be adaptable and fleet footed. Notions of complexity offer a wealth of insights and guidance to 21st century organizations that strive to do so.


Suggested Citation

Serrat, O. (2010). Understanding complexity. Washington, DC: Asian Development Bank.

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This article was first published by the Asian Development Bank (