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[Excerpt] What causes differences in secondary school achievement across these four nations? The first two sections of the paper describe the achievement differences among the four countries and examine the proximate causes of the differentials. I conclude that these achievement differentials are caused by differences in the quality of teachers and of student time and effort inputs devoted to academic achievement.


Suggested Citation
Bishop, J. H. (1994). Signaling, incentives and school organization in France, The Netherlands, Britain and the United States: Lessons for education economics (CAHRS Working Paper #94-25). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.