Publication Date



Given the emergence of a new rhetoric in the field of diversity, which replaces the term ‘diversity’ with the term ‘inclusion’, this study comparatively investigates the meanings of diversity and inclusion in organizations. The findings of Study One, which used a qualitative methodology to explore the construct definitions and to derive a measure of attributes to support diversity and inclusion, revealed conceptually distinct definitions. The reliability and factor structure of the scale was evaluated in Study Two and cross-validated in Study Three. The results supported a five-factor model of diversity and inclusion and suggest a distinction between the concepts although the terms may not describe separate types of work environments, but different approaches to diversity management.


Suggested Citation
Roberson, Q. M. (2004). Disentangling the meanings of diversity and inclusion (CAHRS Working Paper #04-05). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.