Publication Date



Key Findings:

• In the U.S, men still earn more than women, and this effect is even more pronounced when considering gender role orientation—or the beliefs people have about the proper roles for men and women at work and home.

• Men who view their gender role traditionally (to be the primary breadwinner working outside the home) earn more than men with egalitarian views (i.e. more relaxed, accepting views of gender roles).

• Women, no matter how they view their gender role, tend to earn less than men.

• The wage gap between men with traditional views and men with egalitarian views is greater than the wage gap between men and women.

• The effect of gender role orientation on men’s and women’s wages is real—regardless of the complexity of someone’s job or the percentage of women in the occupation.

• As people age, their gender role views become more egalitarian.


Suggested Citation
Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies. (2010, January). Taking attitude into account for the gender wage gap: Compensating employees equally when gender role attitudes differ (CAHRS ResearchLink No. 2). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, ILR School.