Publication Date



Poverty/Income Inequality, Equality/Civil Rights, Economic Development


People throughout the world place a strong value on the landscape, natural environment, and compact settlement pattern of Upstate New York. The Adirondack and Catskill mountains, the Finger Lakes, the Lake Ontario shoreline, Lake Champlain, and the Thousand Islands attract hundreds of thousands of visitors annually. At the scale of the entire landscape, farms and forests define the edges of Upstate’s cities, villages, and hamlets and form a distinctive matrix of land uses. These cities, villages, and hamlets have a distinctive character that includes a mix of land uses, pedestrian-friendly streets and neighborhoods, and a rich endowment of historic buildings.