Buffalo Niagara stands at a climate crossroads. Looking down one road, we can see a chance to rebuild impoverished neighborhoods with quality jobs, green affordable housing, community-owned renewable energy, urban farms, and community gardens, building on the highly successful example of the Green Development Zone on the city’s West Side. Looking down another road, we can see an inequitable region made even more unjust and vulnerable by climate change impacts such as heat waves, extreme weather events, and governments too overwhelmed with emergency response to provide quality services to their residents. Which road we travel will depend in part on the new energy policies that New York State is in the process of creating. With thoughtful legislation and regulation, we have a narrow window of opportunity to move rapidly toward clean energy and to make sure, in the transition, that our most vulnerable workers and residents gain, rather than lose, from the new economy that is rising around our eyes.