Publication Date



[Excerpt] On the fundamental conclusions, the positions argued by Pia Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny and my own are in essential agreement. The immigration policy of the United States is in dire need of changes. The public concern is, in their words, “driven by the increase in immigration in recent years, particularly of unauthorized immigration.” Our mutual worries pertain to the disproportionately adverse impacts of the immigrant inflow on the nation’s low-skilled work force and the high fiscal burden borne by local communities and states with growing immigrant populations.

The differences between the two papers center on the approaches taken to reach these conclusions and the policy reforms that flow from the respective analyses.


Suggested Citation
Briggs, V. M., Jr. (2012). Counterpoint: Reply to Orrenius and Zavodny [Electronic version]. Retrieved [insert date], from Cornell University, ILR School site:

Required Publisher’s Statement
© Wiley-Blackwell. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.
Final version published as Briggs, V. M., Jr. (2012). Counterpoint: Reply to Orrenius and Zavodny. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 31(4), 966-969.