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This essay draws upon a larger study of over forty strikes which involved both male and female strikers in the United States between the years 1887 and 1903. Here the focus of analysis is on those strikes which began with demands raised by women workers. The essay examines the nature of women workers’ demands, the ways in which cooperation with male co-workers altered those demands, and the affect that formal union involvement had on women strikers and their strike demands. Because the original set of case studies examines strikes across the United States, the strikes explored here also highlight a variety of geographic locations. The insights gained suggest future paths for research on the distinction between women’s and men’s strike demands.


Suggested Citation
DeVault, I. A. (2006, December). ‘‘Too hard on the women, especially’’: Striking together for women workers’ issues [Electronic version]. International Review of Social History, 51, 441-462.

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© Cambridge University Press. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.