[Excerpt] The major policy issue examined in this paper is that of a country's choice of a trade strategy in the context of helping the poor. As the end of the 1980s approaches, developing countries face a much more difficult economic situation than that which they confronted at the end of the 1970s. The paper begins by reviewing these new realities and the need for adjusting to them. After mentioning some non-policies, I proceed to consider both successful and unsuccessful country experiences and draw lessons from them. One policy singled out for special attention is wage policy and its interaction with trade strategy. I then analyze the package of policies for outward-oriented, labor-intensive, broad-based growth in one country (Costa Rica) and the possibilities for policy redirection in others. The major findings appear in the conclusion.