Publication Date



“This paper analyses effects of national or provincial exit examinations on education quality. On theoretical grounds, the paper argues that such examinations should increase high school achievement, particularly in examination subjects, and that teachers and students and parents and school administrators should focus more on academic achievement when making school-quality decisions. On the negative side, exit examinations may lead to a tendency to concentrate on learning facts, rather than understanding contexts.”


Suggested Citation
Bishop, J. H. (1999). Are national exit examinations important for educational efficiency? [Electronic version]. Swedish Economic Policy Review, 6, 349-398.

Required Publisher Statement
Copyright by the Economic Council of Sweden. Final paper published as: Bishop, J. "Are National Exit Examinations Important for Economic Efficiency?" Swedish Economic Policy Review 6:2, Fall 1999, 349-401.