Dramatic changes have occurred in learning, training, and development in organizations in recent years. This chapter examines the implications of these changes for research in four areas: (1) training design and delivery, (2) team training and development, (3) training transfer, and (4) training evaluation. We suggest that research in these areas not only has been most heavily impacted by recent trends in training and development but also can help guide the field as it responds to emerging opportunities and challenges. We review recent research that advances our understanding of how to design and deliver training to meet the needs of a changing workplace, utilize training and development to influence team effectiveness, increase the transfer of training to the job, and strengthen efforts to evaluate the effectiveness training and development initiatives. We also discuss directions for future research aimed at ensuring that the science of training keeps pace with changes in training practice.