Publication Date



"In the late 1970s and 1980s intensified international competition in motor vehicle manufacturing and sales was reflected by an increase in the share of the American market captured by imports. Some analysts argued that this increase reflected the low productivity of American automobile producers compared with that of Japanese and other foreign companies. Inflexible work rules or the adversarial nature of labor management relations was often blamed."


Suggested Citation
Katz, H. C., Kochan, T. A., & Keefe J. H. (1987). Industrial relations and productivity in the U.S. automobile industry [Electronic version]. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 3, 685-727.

Required Publisher Statement
Copyright 1987, The Brookings Institution. All rights reserved. To request permission to reuse this material in any manner, please contact