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Article Title

Socio-Productive Models in France: An Empirical Dynamic Overview, 1992-2004

Abstract

The authors assess the evolution of French workplaces over the periods 1992–1993, 1998–1999, and 2004–2005. Using French employment relations survey data (REPONSE), they analyze the empirical relevance of socio-productive organizational models in light of three dimensions: work organization, human resource management (HRM), and industrial relations. Results indicate the emergence of two “innovative” models: the “Toyotist” model, featuring just-in-time organizational methods, innovative HRM systems, high employee participation, and low union presence; and the “neo-Taylorist” model, featuring low innovation, low investment in HRM, strict managerial control with minimal employee participation, and average union presence. Data also reveal the existence of an additional model: the “public-in-transition” model, featuring a mixed HRM focus that is part individual and part collective; moreover, workplaces feature a high and varied union presence and autonomous work groups. Overall findings indicate a dual movement of socio-productive models: the development of the Toyotist model occurred mainly between 1992–1993 and 1998–1999 for some workplaces whereas for others, such as those aging or becoming privatized, there appears to have been a shift to the neo-Taylorist model for the period 1998–2004.

As of August 31, 2014, the ILR Review is published by SAGE. Please visit the journal site to read this article.

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