"Efforts in the US to reduce the incidence of poverty have been hampered, since 1965, by the parallel revival of mass immigration. As a consequence, any serious attempt to reduce poverty must now include comprehensive reforms in the nation's immigration policies if they are to be taken seriously. Among the most prominent of these would be the implementation of the main recommendations of the US Commission on Immigration Reform (1997). These include lowering the level of legal immigration, reducing the emphasis on family reunification by terminating the preference categories for extended family members, eliminating all admissions of unskilled workers from the occupational preferences, and including refugees in the overall immigration admission ceiling for each year. Remedies must also provide for enforcement of existing immigration laws by enhancing border control to prevent illegal entry, rigidly enforcing employer sanctions against hiring illegal immigrants already in the country, and stepping up efforts to deter the use of fraudulent documents by job seekers who are illegal immigrants."