About the Commission - In 1991, the U. S. Department of Labor defined glass ceiling as "those artificial barriers based on attitudinal or organizational bias that prevent qualified individuals from advancing upward in their organization into management-level positions." (Report on the Glass Ceiling Initiative. U. S. Department of Labor, 1991. Available in the Catherwood Library at HD 4903.5 U6 U585.) The department's Glass Ceiling Commission (1991-1996) studied these barriers not only as they apply to women, but as they apply to minorities as well.

Note from the U.S Department of Labor: The additional and related papers do not necessarily represent the official position or policy of the U.S. Department of Labor or the Glass Ceiling Commission. They are provided with the permission of their authors and publisher.

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Manuscripts from 1995

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Glass Ceiling Commission - A Solid Investment : Making Full Use of the Nation's Human Capital, U.S. Glass Ceiling Commission

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Glass Ceiling Commission - Good for Business: Making Full Use of the Nation's Human Capital, U.S. Glass Ceiling Commission

Manuscripts from 1994

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The Glass Ceiling and Persons With Disabilities, David Braddock and Lynn Bachelder

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Glass Ceiling Commission - The Glass Ceiling in Different Sectors of the Economy: Differences Between Government, Non-profit, and For-profit Organizations, Lynn C. Burbridge

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Managing Diversity and Glass Ceiling Initiatives as National Economic Imperatives, Taylor Cox Jr. and Carol Smolinski

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Glass Ceiling Commission - Barriers to Work Place Advancement Experienced by African-Americans, Ella L.J. Edmonson Bell, Stella M. Nkomo, and John Hammond

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Barriers to the Employment and Work-Place Advancement of Latinos, Mauricio Gaston

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The Impact of Corporate Restructuring and Downsizing on the Managerial Careers of Minorities and Women: Lessons Learned from Nine Companies, Nancy R. Hamlin, Sumru Erkut, and Jacqueline P. Fields

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Barriers to Work Place Advancement Experienced by Women in Low-Paying Occupations, Sharon L. Harlan and Catherine White Berheide

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Barriers to Workplace Advancement Experienced by Native Americans, Keith James, Willie Wolf, Chris Lovato, and Steve Byers

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Use of Enforcement Techniques in Eliminating Glass Ceiling Barriers, Jonathan S. Leonard

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An Examination of the Impact of Family-Friendly Policies on the Glass Ceiling, Debra B. Schwartz

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The Impact of Recruitment, Selection, Promotion and Compensation Policies and Practices on the Glass Ceiling, Roosevelt Thomas, Jeff Porterfield, John Hutcheson, and Carol Pierannunzi

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Glass Ceiling Commission - Race, Ethnic, And Gender Earnings Inequality The Sources and Consequences Of Employment Segregation, Donald Tomukorie-Devey

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Preparedness, Career Advancement, and the Glass Ceiling, Ellen D. Wernick

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The Glass Ceiling and Asian Americans, Deborah Woo

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Barriers to Work Place Advancement: the Experience of the White Female Work Force, Bette Woody and Carol Weiss

Manuscripts from 1993

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Successful Initiatives for Breaking the Glass Ceiling to Upward Mobility for Minorities and Women, Staff Catalyst

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Glass Ceiling Commission - The Impact of the Glass Ceiling and Structural Change on Minorities and Women , Lois B. Shaw, Dell P. Champlin, Roberta M. Spalter-Roth, and Heidi I. Hartmann