This is a collection of CRS Reports on workplace issues, which have been produced as unbiased responses to Congressional Requests at the Library of Congress.

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Manuscripts from 2014

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Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits, David H. Carpenter

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Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs, Benjamin Collins, Robert Jay Dilger, Cassandria Dortch, Lawrence Kapp, Sean Lowry, and Libby Perl

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Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy, William H. Cooper

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Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy, William H. Cooper

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Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation, Robert Jay Dilger

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Career and Technical Education (CTE): A Primer, Cassandria Dortch

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Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet, Craig K. Elwell

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Federal Minimum Wage, Tax-Transfer Earnings Supplements, and Poverty, Gene Falk, Thomas Gabe, and David H. Bradley

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Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies, Adrienne L. Fernandes-Alcantara

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Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions, John Frittelli

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The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Background, Legislation, and Policy Issues, Wendy Ginsberg

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International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications, Jane G. Gravelle

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Tax Rates and Economic Growth, Jane G. Gravelle and Donald J. Marples

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The Mental Health Workforce: A Primer, Elayne J. Heisler and Erin Bagalman

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Benefits and Financing, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues, Katelin P. Isaacs

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The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform, Mark P. Keightley and Molly F. Sherlock

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U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective, Marc Levinson

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Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis, Sean Lowry

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Individual Mandate Under ACA, Annie L. Mach

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Laws Affecting the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), Annie L. Mach and Ada S. Cornell

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Private Health Insurance Market Reforms in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Annie L. Mach and Bernadette Fernandez

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Budgetary and Distributional Effects of Adopting the Chained CPI, Donald J. Marples

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Post-Employment, “Revolving Door,” Laws for Federal Personnel, Jack Maskell

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The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More, Gerald Mayer

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Reform of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Courts: Procedural and Operational Changes, Andrew Nolan and Richard M. Thompson II

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Overview of the Federal Tax System, Molly F. Sherlock and Donald J. Marples

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Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic, Rita Tehan

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Worker Participation in Employer-Sponsored Pensions: A Fact Sheet, John J. Topoleski

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Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits, Julie M. Whittaker and Katelin P. Isaacs

Manuscripts from 2013

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The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases, D. Andrew Austin and Mindy R. Levit

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The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief, David H. Bradley

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The Workforce Investment Act and the One-Stop Delivery System, David H. Bradley

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The Workforce Investment Act and the One-Stop Delivery System, David H. Bradley

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Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Reauthorization Proposals in the 113th Congress: Comparison of Major Features of Current Law and S.1356, David H. Bradley and Benjamin Collins

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Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects, Clinton T. Brass

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Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification, Andorra Bruno

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Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures, Andorra Bruno

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The Role of TARP Assistance in the Restructuring of General Motors, Bill Canis and Baird Webel

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Counting Regulations: An Overview of Rulemaking, Types of Federal Regulations, and Pages in the Federal Register, Maeve P. Carey

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Security Clearance Process: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Michelle D. Christensen and Frederick M. Kaiser

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Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments, Benjamin Collins and Jody Feder

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Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation, Robert Jay Dilger

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Small Business Administration and Job Creation, Robert Jay Dilger

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Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues, Robert Jay Dilger and Richard S. Beth

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Corporate Criminal Liability: An Overview of Federal Law, Charles Doyle

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Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy, Craig K. Elwell

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Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet, Craig K. Elwell

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Rebuilding Household Wealth: Implications for Economic Recovery, Craig K. Elwell

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Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet, Craig K. Elwell and Linda Levine

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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload, Gene Falk

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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Welfare Waivers, Gene Falk

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The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Primer on TANF Financing and Federal Requirements, Gene Falk

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Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA), Jody Feder and Cynthia Brougher

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress, Ian F. Fergusson, William H. Cooper, Remy Jurenas, and Brock R. Williams

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress, Ian F. Fergusson, William H. Cooper, Remy Jurenas, and Brock R. WIlliams

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress, Ian F. Fergusson, William H. Cooper, Remy Jurenas, and Brock R. WIlliams

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Cancellation of Nongroup Health Insurance Policies, Bernadette Fernandez and Annie L. Mach

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Health Insurance Exchanges Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), Bernadette Fernandez and Annie L. Mach

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Private Health Plans Under the ACA: In Brief, Bernadette Fernandez and Annie L. Mach

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Poverty in the United States: 2012, Thomas Gabe

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The Mental Health Workforce: A Primer, Elayne J. Heisler and Erin Bagalman

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Receipt of Unemployment Insurance by Higher-Income Unemployed Workers (“Millionaires”), Donald Hirasuna

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The Unemployed and Job Openings: A Data Primer, Donald Hirasuna

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Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues, J. F. Hornbeck

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Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and Its Role in U.S. Trade Policy, J. F. Hornbeck

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Increasing the Social Security Payroll Tax Base: Options and Effects on Tax Burdens, Thomas L. Hungerford

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Expiring Unemployment Insurance Provisions, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Expiring Unemployment Insurance Provisions, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Benefits and Financing, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: The Role of the Thrift Savings Plan, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Unemployment Insurance: Consequences of Changes in State Unemployment Compensation Laws, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Programs Available to Unemployed Workers, Katelin P. Isaacs, David H. Bradley, Benjamin Collins, and Janemarie Mulvey

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Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview, James K. Jackson

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Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis, James K. Jackson

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Foreign Investment and National Security: Economic Considerations, James K. Jackson

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Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal, James K. Jackson

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Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data, James K. Jackson

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The United States as a Net Debtor Nation: Overview of the International Investment Position, James K. Jackson

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U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: Trends and Current Issues, James K. Jackson

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U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security, Vivian C. Jones and Marc R. Rosenblum

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An Analysis of Where American Companies Report Profits: Indications of Profit Shifting, Mark P. Keightley

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Health Insurance Exchanges: Health Insurance “Navigators” and In-Person Assistance, Suzanne M. Kirchhoff

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Physician Practices: Background, Organization, and Market Consolidation, Suzanne M. Kirchhoff

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Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding, Lennard G. Kruger

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Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate, Linda Levine

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The Increase in Unemployment Since 2007: Is It Cyclical or Structural?, Linda Levine

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“Hollowing Out” in U.S. Manufacturing: Analysis and Issues for Congress, Marc Levinson

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Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival, Marc Levinson

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U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective, Marc Levinson

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Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP): Available Health Insurance Options, Annie L. Mach

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Laws Affecting the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), Annie L. Mach and Ada S. Cornell

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Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion, Jennifer E. Manning, Colleen J. Shogan, and Ida A. Brudnick

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Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Enforcement: Legal Issues, Kate M. Manuel and Todd Garvey

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Insourcing Functions Performed by Federal Contractors: Legal Issues, Kate M. Manuel and Jack Maskell

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The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): An Overview, Gerald Mayer, Benjamin Collins, and David H. Bradley

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Student Bullying: Overview of Research, Federal Initiatives, and Legal Issues, Gail McCallion and Jody Feder

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Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program: Overview and Current Issues, William R. Morton

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Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Umar Moulta-Ali

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Potential Employer Penalties Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), Janemarie Mulvey