This is a collection of CRS Reports on workplace issues, which have been produced as unbiased responses to Congressional Requests at the Library of Congress.

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Manuscripts from 2015

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: The Role of the Thrift Savings Plan, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress, Katelin P. Isaacs

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U.S. Trade with Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Partners, James K. Jackson

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FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues, Don J. Jansen, Kristy N. Kamarck, Lawrence Kapp, and Barbara Salazar Torreon

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Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress, Kristy N. Kamarck

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Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments, Kristy N. Kamarck

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What are the Department of Defense (DOD) Policies on Transgender Service?, Kristy N. Kamarck

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Women in Combat: Issues for Congress, Kristy N. Kamarck

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Women in Combat: Issues for Congress, Kristy N. Kamarck

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The President’s Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues, William A. Kandel, Jerome P. Bjelopera, Andorra Bruno, and Alison Siskin

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Military Pay: Key Questions and Answers, Lawrence Kapp and Barbara Salazar Torreon

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Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding, Lennard G. Kruger

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Individual Mandate Under the ACA, Annie L. Mach

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U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions, Wayne M. Morrison, Mary Jane Bolle, Craig K. Elwell, James K. Jackson, Vivian C. Jones, and M. Angeles Villareal

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Concurrent Receipt of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Unemployment Insurance (UI): Background and Legislative Proposals, William R. Morton

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Veterans’ Benefits: The Impact of Military Discharges on Basic Eligibility, Umar Moulta-Ali and Sidath Viranga Panangala

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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions, Angela Napili

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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions, Angela Napili

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VA Accountability Act of 2015 (H.R. 1994), as Reported to the House, Thomas J. Nicola, Maeve P. Carey, Katelin P. Isaacs, Barbara L. Schwemle, and Jon O. Shimabukuro

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Department of Veterans Affairs FY2016 Appropriations: In Brief, Sidath Viranga Panangala

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Health Care for Veterans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Sidath Viranga Panangala

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Veterans’ Medical Care: FY2016 Appropriations, Sidath Viranga Panangala

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Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments, Paul W. Parformak, Linda Luther, Richard K. Lattanzio, Jonathan L. Ramseur, Adam Vann, Robert Pirog, and Ian F. Fergusson

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Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments, Paul W. Parformak, Linda Luther, Richard K. Lattanzio, Jonathan L. Ramseur, Adam Vann, Robert Pirog, and Ian F. Fergusson

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Veterans and Homelessness, Libby Perl

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An Introduction to Health Insurance: What Should a Consumer Know?, Carol Rapaport

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Genetic Testing: Background and Policy Issues, Amanda K. Sarata

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Employer Wellness Programs and Genetic Information: Frequently Asked Questions, Aman K. Sarata

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U.S. Farm Income Outlook for 2015, Randy Schnepf

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Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues, Lisa Seghetti

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Agricultural Disaster Assistance, Dennis A. Shields

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Farm Safety Net Programs: Background and Issues, Dennis A. Shields

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The Social Security Retirement Age: In Brief, Gary Sidor

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Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children, Carmen Solomon-Fears

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Social Security and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) Provisions in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, Scott D. Szymendera

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The Federal Employees’ Compensation Act (FECA): Workers’ Compensation for Federal Employees, Scott D. Szymendera

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Who Is a “Veteran”?—Basic Eligibility for Veterans’ Benefits, Scott D. Szymendera

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Veterans’ Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs, Scott D. Szymendera and Carol D. Davis

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Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options, John J. Topoleski

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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s Essential Health Benefits (EHB), Namrata K. Uberoi

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The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), M. Angeles Villareal and Ian F. Fergusson

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Immigration: Visa Security Policies, Ruth Ellen Wasem

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The Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) Employer Shared Responsibility Determination and the Potential ACA Employer Penalty, Julie Whittaker

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Taxation of Unemployment Benefits, Julie M. Whittaker

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Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits, Julie M. Whittaker and Katelin P. Isaacs

Manuscripts from 2014

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Intelligence Whistleblower Protections: In Brief, Rodney M. Berry

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State Minimum Wages: An Overview, David H. Bradley

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Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2014, Ida A. Brudnick

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Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables, Ida A. Brudnick

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Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion, Andorra Bruno

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Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits, David H. Carpenter

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The Volcker Rule: A Legal Analysis, David H. Carpenter and M. Maureen Murphy

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Executive Orders: Issuance, Modification, and Revocation, Vivian S. Chu and Todd Garvey

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Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs, Benjamin Collins, Robert Jay Dilger, Cassandria Dortch, Lawrence Kapp, Sean Lowry, and Libby Perl

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Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy, William H. Cooper

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Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy, William H. Cooper

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Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions, William H. Cooper, Ian F. Fergusson, and Richard S. Beth

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U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Trends and U.S. Policy Challenges, William H. Cooper and Rebecca M. Nelson

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Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation, Robert Jay Dilger

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Career and Technical Education (CTE): A Primer, Cassandria Dortch

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Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet, Craig K. Elwell

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The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class, Craig K. Elwell

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The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview, Gene Falk

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The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview, Gene Falk and Margot L. Crandall-Hollick

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Federal Minimum Wage, Tax-Transfer Earnings Supplements, and Poverty, Gene Falk, Thomas Gabe, and David H. Bradley

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Poverty: Major Themes in Past Debates and Current Proposals, Gene Falk and Karen Spar

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In the Shadow of the Great Recession: Experiences and Perspectives of Young Workers, Federal Reserve Board

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Negotiations and Issues for Congress, Ian F. Fergusson, Mark A. McMinimy, and Brock R. Williams

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Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies, Adrienne L. Fernandes-Alcantara

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Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions, John Frittelli

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Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits, Wendy Ginsberg

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The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Background, Legislation, and Policy Issues, Wendy Ginsberg

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International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications, Jane G. Gravelle

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Tax Rates and Economic Growth, Jane G. Gravelle and Donald J. Marples

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The Mental Health Workforce: A Primer, Elayne J. Heisler and Erin Bagalman

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Benefits and Financing, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress, Katelin P. Isaacs

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Permanent Legal Immigration to the United States: Policy Overview, William A. Kandel

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The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform, Mark P. Keightley

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The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform, Mark P. Keightley and Molly F. Sherlock

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U.S. International Corporate Taxation: Basic Concepts and Policy Issues, Mark P. Keightley and Jeffrey M. Stupak

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Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?, Marc Labonte

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Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues, Emily M. Lanza and Thomas J. Nicola

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U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective, Marc Levinson

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Overview of Constitutional Challenges to NSA Collection Activities and Recent Developments, Edward C. Liu, Andrew Nolan, and Richard M. Thompson II

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Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis, Sean Lowry

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Individual Mandate Under ACA, Annie L. Mach

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Laws Affecting the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), Annie L. Mach and Ada S. Cornell

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Private Health Insurance Market Reforms in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Annie L. Mach and Bernadette Fernandez

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The Obama Administration’s November 2014 Immigration Initiatives: Questions and Answers, Kate M. Manuel

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Unlawfully Present Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis, Kate M. Manuel

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Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver’s Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues, Kate M. Manuel and Michael John Garcia

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Budgetary and Distributional Effects of Adopting the Chained CPI, Donald J. Marples

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Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues, Donald J. Marples and Jane G. Gravelle

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Post-Employment, “Revolving Door,” Laws for Federal Personnel, Jack Maskell

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The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More, Gerald Mayer

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Social Security: What Would Happen If the Trust Funds Ran Out?, Noah P. Meyerson

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China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States, Wayne M. Morrison