As part of its mission to investigate, translate and apply the latest HR research into practice excellence, CAHRS funds research grants for Cornell ILR School HR Studies (HRS) faculty. Faculty grant proposals are reviewed by the Center's director and CAHRS Advisory Board, and research supported by grants is chosen for its relevance to CAHRS partner firms. The CAHRS Working Paper Series is one way HRS faculty communicate results of their research to partner firms and the public at no charge. CAHRS working papers are available online from 1987 to 2008. This series was discontinued in 2009, and replaced by a new publication series, ResearchLink.

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Manuscripts from 2008

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Current Issues and Future Directions in Simulation-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam M. Kanar, and Steve W. J. Kozlowski

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The Geography of Giving: The Effect of Corporate Headquarters on Local Charities, David Card, Kevin F. Hallock, and Enrico Moretti

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Complexity-Based Agile Enterprises: Putting Self-Organizing Emergence to Work, Lee Dyer and Jeff Ericksen

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The Changing Relationship Between Job Loss Announcements and Stock Prices: 1970-1999, Henry S. Farber and Kevin Hallock

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CEO Pay-For-Performance Heterogeneity Using Quantile Regression, Kevin F. Hallock, Regina Madalozzo, and Clayton G. Reck

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New Data for Answering Old Questions Regarding Employee Stock Options, Kevin Hallock and Craig A. Olson

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Targeted Employee Retention: Performance-Based and Job-Related Differences in Reported Reasons for Staying, John Hausknecht, Julianne M. Rodda, and Michael J. Howard

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How Does Unfavorable Information Impact Job Seekers’ Organizational Attraction?, Adam M. Kanar, Christopher J. Collins, and Bradford S. Bell

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Changing an Unfavorable Employment Reputation: A Longitudinal Examination, Adam M. Kanar, Christopher J. Collins, and Bradford S. Bell

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Demographic Faultlines and Creativity In Diverse Groups, Lisa Hisae Nishii and Jack Goncalo

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Employee Attributions of the “Why” of HR Practices: Their Effects on Employee Attitudes and Behaviors, and Customer Satisfaction, Lisa Hisae Nishii, David P. Lepak, and Benjamin Schneider

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HRM and Performance: What’s Next?, Jaap Paauwe and Paul Boselie

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A Multilevel Analysis of the Effect of Prompting Self-Regulation in Technology-Delivered Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Bradford S. Bell, Kurt Kraiger, and Adam M. Kanar

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A Multilevel Analysis of the Effects of Technical Interruptions on Learning and Attrition From Web-Based Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Katherine Ely, Bradford S. Bell, and Kristina Bauer

Manuscripts from 2007

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Uncertainty and Human Capital Decisions: Traditional Valuation Methods and Real Options Logic , Brett Badders, Lindsey Cottom Clark, and Patrick M. Wright

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An Economic Theory of Academic Engagement Norms: The Struggle for Popularity and Normative Hegemony in Secondary Schools, John H. Bishop and Michael M. Bishop

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Research Report on Phase 5 Of Cornell University/Gevity Institute Study: Human Resource Management Practices and Firm Performance In Small Businesses: A Look At Differences Across Industries , Christopher J. Collins

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The Influence of Human Resource Practices and Collective Affective Organizational Commitment on Aggregate Voluntary Turnover, Timothy M. Gardner, Lisa M. Moynihan, and Patrick M. Wright

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Negotiating Relationally: The Dynamics of the Relational Self In Negotiations , Michele J. Gelfand, Virginia Smith Major , Jana L. Raver, Lisa Hisae Nishii, and Karen O’Brien

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On the Nature and Importance of Cultural Tightness-Looseness, Michele J. Gelfand , Lisa Hisae Nishii, and Jana L. Raver

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Discrimination In Organizations: An Organizational-Level Systems Perspective, Michele J. Gelfand, Lisa Hisae Nishii, Jana L. Raver, and Benjamin Schneider

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The Precursors and Products of Justice Climates: Group Leader Antecedents and Employee Attitudinal Consequences , David M. Mayer, Lisa Hisae Nishii, Benjamin Schneider , and Harold Goldstein

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Upper Echelon Theory Revisited: The Relationship Between Upper Echelon Diversity, the Adoption of Diversity Practices, and Organizational Performance , Lisa Hisae Nishii, Anne Gotte, and Jana L. Raver

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HRM in Service: The Contingencies Abound, Lisa Hisae Nishii and Benjamin Schneider

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Variability Within Organizations: Implications for Strategic Human Resource Management, Lisa Hisae Nishii and Patrick M. Wright

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Why High and Low Performers Leave and What They Find Elsewhere: Job Performance Effects on Employment Transitions, Charlie O. Trevor , John P. Hausknecht , and Michael J. Howard

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Human Resource Practices and Organizational Commitment: A Deeper Examination, Patrick M. Wright and Rebecca R. Kehoe

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Strategic HRM and Organizational Behavior: Integrating Multiple Levels of Analysis, Patrick M. Wright and Lisa Hisae Nishii

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Multi-Level Issues in International HRM: Mean Differences, Explained Variance, and Moderated Relationships, Patrick M. Wright and Karina Van de Voorde

Manuscripts from 2006

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Strategic Management and HRM, Mathew R. Allen and Patrick M. Wright

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Human Resource Management, Service Quality, and Economic Performance in Call Centers, Rosemary Batt and Lisa M. Moynihan

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Adaptive Guidance: Effects On Self-Regulated Learning In Technology-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam Kanar, Xiangmin Liu, Jane Forman, and Mila Singh

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Distributed Learning System Design: A New Approach and an Agenda for Future Research, Bradford S. Bell and Steve W. J. Kozlowski

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The Impact of eHR on Professional Competence in HRM: Implications for the Development of HR Professionals, Bradford S. Bell, Sae-Won Lee, and Sarah K. Yeung

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Why California Needs a High School Exit Examination System: Enrollment + Motivation + Engagement => Learning , John H. Bishop

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The Interactive Effects of Recruitment Practices and Product Awareness on Job Seekers’ Employer Knowledge and Application Behaviors , Christopher J. Collins

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Research Report on Phase 4 of Cornell University/Gevity Institute Study Human Resource Management Practices and Firm Performance in Small Businesses: A Look at the Effects of HR Practices on Financial Performance and Turnover, Christopher J. Collins and Matthew Allen

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Dynamic Organizations: Achieving Marketplace Agility Through Workforce Scalability, Lee Dyer and Jeff Ericksen

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How Can Multinational Corporations Retain Their Employees in China?, Ke (Michael) Fan

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Leading For The Bottom Line: A View Of Leadership In A Bottom-Line Context, Gary S. Fields and Cory Stern

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The Value of Stock Options To Non-Executive Employees, Kevin Hallock and Craig A. Olson

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Are Early Investments In Computer Skills Rewarded In The Labor Market? , Ferran Mane and John H. Bishop

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Examining the Link Between Diversity and Firm Performance: The Effects of Diversity Reputation and Leader Racial Diversity, Quinetta M. Roberson and Hyeon Jeong Park

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Globalisation of HR at Function Level: Exploring the Issues Through International Recruitment, Selection and Assessment Processes, Paul R. Sparrow

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What Is Strategic Competence and Does It Matter? Exposition of the Concept and a Research Agenda , Paul R. Sparrow and Gerard P. Hodgkinson

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Strategic HRM and Organizational Behavior: Integrating Multiple Levels of Analysis, Patrick M. Wright and Lisa H. Nishii

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Corporate Social Responsibility at Gap: An Interview with Eva Sage-Gavin, Patrick M. Wright and Eva Sage-Gavin

Manuscripts from 2005

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Service Management and Employment Systems In U.S. and Indian Call Centers, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast, and Hyunji Kwon

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U.S. Call Center Industry Report 2004 National Benchmarking Report Strategy, HR Practices & Performance, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast, and Hyunji Kwon

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The Indian Call Centre Industry: National Benchmarking Report Strategy, HR Practices, & Performance, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast, Hyunji Kwon, Mudit Nopany, Priti Nopany, and Anil da Costa

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High School Exit Examinations: When Do Learning Effects Generalize?, John H. Bishop

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Human Resource Function Competencies in European Companies, Jean Paul Boselie and Jaap Paauwe

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Human Resource Function Competencies in European Companies, Paul Boselie and Jaap Paauwe

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Human Resource Management Practices, Workforce Alignment, and Firm Performance, Christopher Collins, Jeff Ericksen, and Mathew Allen

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Employee Outcomes: Human Resource Management Practices and Firm Performance in Small Businesses, Christopher J. Collins, Jeff Ericksen, and Mathew Allen

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Research Report On Phase 3 of the Cornell University/Gevity Institute Study – Employee Outcomes: Human Resource Management Practices and Firm Performance In Small Businesses, Christopher J. Collins, Jeff Ericksen, and Mathew Allen

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The Impact of Task- and Team-Generic Teamwork Skills Training on Team Effectiveness, Aleksander P. J. Ellis, Bradford S. Bell, Robert E. Ployhart, John R. Hollenbeck, and Daniel R. Ilgen

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The Role of Corporate HR Funcitons in MNCs: The Interplay Between Corporate, Regional/National and Plant Level, Elaine Farndale and Jaap Paauwe

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The Role of Corporate HR Functions In Multinational Corporations: The Interplay Between Corporate, Regional/National And Plant Level, Elaine Farndale and Jaap Paauwe

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Intellectual Capital Architectures and Bilateral Learning: A Framework For Human Resource Management, Sung-Choon Kang and Scott A. Snell

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Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of HR Leadership Development Programs, Karina Li Ming Kuok and Bradford S. Bell

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The Economic Pay-Offs To On-The-Job Training In Routine Service Work, Xiangmin Liu and Rosemary Batt

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An Architectural Approach to Managing Knowledge Stocks and Flows: Implications for Reinventing the HR Function, Shad S. Morris, Scott A. Snell, and David Lepak

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A Resource-Based View Of International Human Resources: Toward A Framework of Integrative and Creative Capabilities, Shad S. Morris, Scott A. Snell, and Patrick M. Wright

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HRM and Performance: What’s Next?, Jaap Paauwe and Jean Paul Boselie

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Missing Variables in Theories of Strategic Human Resource Management: Time, Cause, and Individuals, Patrick M. Wright and John J. Haggerty

Manuscripts from 2004

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Telecommunications 2004: Strategy, HR Practices & Performance - Cornell-Rutgers Telecommunications Project, Rosemary Batt, Alex Colvin, Harry Katz, and Jeffrey Keefe

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Managing Human Assets in an Uncertain World: Applying Real Options Theory to HRM, Mousumi Bhattacharya and Patrick M. Wright

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Options for Human Capital Acquisition, Mousumi Bhattacharya and Patrick M. Wright

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Drinking from the Fountain of Knowledge: Student Incentive to Study and Learn-Externalities, Information Problems and Peer Pressure, John H. Bishop

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Enrollment, Attendance and Engagement → Achievement: Successful Strategies for Motivating Students - Evidence of Effectiveness from Comparisons of 50 States and 45 Nations, John H. Bishop

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Educational Reform and Disadvantaged Students: Are They Better Off or Worse Off?, John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane

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Raising Academic Standards and Vocational Concentrators: Are They Better Off Or Worse Off?, John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane

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A Qualitative Investigation of the Human Resource Management Practices in Small Businesses, Christopher Collins, Jeff Ericksen, and Mathew Allen

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A Qualitative Investigation of the Human Resources Management Practices in Small Businesses, Christopher Collins, Jeff Ericksen, and Matthew Allen

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Executive Compensation Eligibility in Global Businesses: A Global Banding Approach, Steven M. Dolan

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Toward a Strategic Human Resource Management Model of High Reliability Organization Performance, Jeff Ericksen and Lee Dyer

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Peeling Back the Onion Competitive Advantage Through People: Test of a Causal Model, James P. Guthrie, Deepak K. Datta, and Patrick M. Wright

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Disentangling the Meanings of Diversity and Inclusion , Quinetta M. Roberson

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The Relationship Between HR Practices and Firm Performance: Examining Causal Order, Patrick M. Wright, Timothy M. Gardner, Lisa M. Moynihan, and Mathew R. Allen

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Partner or Guardian? HR’s Challenge in Balancing Value and Values, Patrick M. Wright and Scott A. Snell

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SOTA 2004 Managing for Value(s) in a Commoditized World, Patrick M. Wright and Scott A. Snell

Manuscripts from 2003

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An Economic Theory of Nerd and Slacker Harassment and it’s Role in Enforcing Social Norms in Schools, John H. Bishop

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Peer Harassment: A Weapon in the Struggle for Popularity and Normative Hegemony in American Secondary Schools, John H. Bishop, Matthew Bishop, and Michael M. Bishop

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Impacts of Tougher Graduation Requirements on Course Selection and Learning in High School and Post High School Experiences of Vocational Students, John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane

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The Impacts of Career-Technical Education on High School Completion and Labor Market Success, John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane

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Who Participated in School-to-Work Programs in 1998? Technical Report, John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane

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Sustainability and the Talentship Paradigm: Strategic Human Resource Management Beyond the Bottom Line, John W. Boudreau

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HRM and Firm Productivity: Does Industry Matter?, Deepak K. Datta, James P. Guthrie, and Patrick M. Wright

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Global Human Resource Metrics, Helen De Cieri and John W. Boudreau

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Dynamic Organizations: Achieving Marketplace And Organizational Agility With People, Lee Dyer and Richard A. Shafer

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In The Trenches At The Talent Wars: An Examination Of Competitive Interaction For Human Resources In The Software Industry, Timothy M. Gardner

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Extending the Human Resource Architecture: Relational Archetypes and Value Creation, Sung-Choon Kang, Shad S. Morris, and Scott A. Snell

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Organizationally Sensible vs. Legal-Centric Approaches to Employment Decisions With Legal Implications, Mark V. Roehling and Patrick M. Wright

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Is It Worth It To Win The Talent War? Evaluating the Utility of Performance-Based Pay, Michael C. Sturman, Charlie O. Trevor, John W. Boudreau, and Barry A. Gerhart

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Next Generation SHRM Research: From Covariation to Causation, Patrick M. Wright

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Restoring Trust: The Role of HR in Corporate Governance, Patrick M. Wright

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Current Approaches to HR Strategies: Inside-Out vs. Outside-In, Patrick M. Wright, Scott A. Snell, and Peder H. Jacobsen

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Strategic Compensation: Does Business Strategy Influence Compensation in High-Technology Firms?, Yoshio Yanadori and Janet H. Marler

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Minimizing Competition? Entry-level Compensation in Japanese Firms, Yoshio Yanadori and George T. Milkovich