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This research focuses on the effect of initial stance in bargaining. Following level-of-aspiration theory, the research examines whether the pattern of early concession making modifies the impact of tough vs. soft initial stance. The experiment manipulated opponent's concession pattern (decreasing, constant, increasing) in the early phase of bargaining within an overall tough or soft initial stance. Results indicated that a decreasing concession pattern within the early bargaining extracted larger initial concessions than a constant or increasing concession pattern. Implications for Siegel and Fouraker's (1960) level-of-aspiration theory are discussed.


Suggested Citation
MacMurray, B. K. & Lawler, E. J. (1986). Level-of-aspiration theory and initial stance in bargaining [Electronic version]. Representative Research in Social Psychology 16(1), 35-44.

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© University of North Carolina. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.