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This paper develops and illustrates the use of two methodologies to analyze the effect of unions on productivity in the public sector. Although the methodologies are applicable to a wide variety of public sector functions, the focus of the paper is on municipal libraries because of the availability of relevant data. The empirical analysis, which uses 1977 cross-section data on 260 libraries, suggests that collective bargaining coverage has not significantly affected productivity in municipal libraries.


Suggested Citation
Ehrenberg, R. G., Sherman, D. R., & Schwarz, J. L. (1983). Unions and productivity in the public sector: A study of municipal libraries [Electronic version]. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 36(2), 199-213.

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© Cornell University. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.